Have you ever thought of the highest point or place on the earth?
Yes, it is of course Mount Everest of Nepal. It is the highest peak in the world with an altitude of 8,848 meters. This famous mountain lies on the border of Nepal and Tibet (China). ‘Sagarmatha’ is the Nepalese name of Mt. Everest and Tibetans call this peak ‘Chomolungma’. The entire Everest region comes within the boundaries of the Sagarmatha National Park. The Park is largely composed of rugged terrain and gorges of the high Himalayas. It ranges from 2,845 meters further to the top of the world’s highest mountain- Mt. Everest. People believe this to be the home of Yeti, the snow man.
This popular trek starts at Lukla, reached by a 35-minute flight. It goes along the Dudh Koshi valley leading into the popular Sherpa hometown- Namche Bazaar. Namche Bazaar serves as a central hub of the area for food, sundries, communications and climbing gears. Many trekkers spend a full day in Namche Bazaar for acclimatization. The trail passes then through the famous Tengboche Monastery, Lobuche and finally Gorakshep (5,140m/16,864ft). Gorakshep is the highest point of accommodation available to the Everest Base Camp visitors. Trekkers also ascend to Kalapatthar (5,545m/18,192ft) for the magnificent views of the Himalayan giants.
There were several attempts made in the history to achieve a summit over the Mt. Everest. But the first successful expedition became possible only on 29 of May, 1953. Notably, Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa led the expedition team. Because of this, Everest Base Camp route has become one of the most explored trekking trails in the Himalayas. Many expedition teams are following the Everest Base Camp trail for several other peaks in the Everest region. Since then Everest Base Camp is visited by thousands of trekkers every year.
Customize this trek with Island Peak Climbing
Everest Base Camp trek is one of the most searched trekking holidays in Nepal. The trek can also be tailored with Island Peak climbing for passionate trekkers. Please follow the link for extended itinerary of Island Peak and Everest Base Camp Trek.
- One of the popular places to visit in lifetime
- Ancient Tengboche Monastery
- Spectacular views of Mt. Everest, Cho Oyu and Lhotse
- Marvelous view of the Khumbu Ice-fall
- Picturesque mountain flight to/from Lukla
- Sherpa hometown- Namche Bazaar, the gateway of Everest expeditions
Reception by the Office Representative at the airport and we shall transfer you by our comfortable vehicle to a hotel located in the downtown followed by a short pre-trip meeting.
After breakfast, sightseeing tour of World Heritage Sites will be started by an experienced City Tour Guide. Tour includes to Swoyambhunath, Boudhanath, Pashupatinath and Patan Durbar Square. The entirely stone made Krishna Temple, three-storied golden temples and the three main courtyards of the Durbar Square are the major attractions of Patan.
We set off early morning from our hotel to domestic airport for Lukla flights. After a 35 minute scenic mountain flight by a small aircraft, we land in Lukla airport (Tenzing-Hillary airport). Today’s trek from Lukla to Phakding is only about 3-4 hours. The trail from Lukla is seen broad and clear. From the airstrip it heads north through a kani (arch) and then slopes downhill to a low agricultural land. A splendid view of the difficult trekking peak Kusum Kangaru (6,367m/20,889ft) is seen while walking ahead. The trail is rich with teahouses, prayer wheels, gompas (Buddhist monastery) and huge boulders decorated with Buddhist mantra (prayer chant). Finally we arrive in the village separated in two parts with about a 10 minute trek between them, and a long suspension bridge over the Dudh Koshi River. This village is called Phakding where we stay overnight.
Today's trek is about 5-6 hours. After crossing the suspension bridge at Phakding, we trek for 2-3 hours following the climbs steeply up rough stone steps before reaching the long paved Monjo village on the edge of Sagarmatha National Park. In addition to the lodges, single-roofed houses and a few basic shops, there is a small gompa nearby. The trek from Monjo to Namche Bazaar will take another 3-4 hours. There is an entrance to the Sagarmatha National Park where an entry permit must be showed or obtained and kept safely for showing on exiting the park. Once passed through the gate, the trail drops to river level which is set among fields of huge cabbages, crosses to the west bank of the Dudh Koshi river on a long suspension bridge and passes teahouses and lodges in Jorsale (2,775m/9,104ft). This is the last available accommodation before Namche Bazaar. About halfway up, at a bend on this ascent we should get our first brief view of Mt. Everest, Nuptse and Lhotse. As our trek continues up mostly among trees, we will eventually come to a group of buildings, then broad stone steps and finally arrive in one of the lower streets of our overnight stop Namche Bazaar. This town is known as the Sherpa “Capital” and gateway to the Mt. Everest. Namche Bazaar has many facilities – a post office, banks, ATMs, money exchange centre, a health post, a dental clinic, numerous shops, restaurants, cyber cafés and telephone facilities, a gompa and several chortens. The headquarters of the Sagarmatha National Park and a military post are situated above the town. We stay two overnights in Namche Bazaar for acclimatization and excursion around. Trekking time 5-6 hours.
Today we stay in Namche Bazaar for acclimatisation. Because of the altitude, it will be necessary for us to spend a minimum of two nights here. On this day, we have the choice of just relaxing and roaming round this interesting hill town, or alternatively trekking round a nearby 3-4 hour circuit with stunning views. On this excursion trek, we pass through two traditional Sherpa villages Khumjung (3,780m/12,402ft) which has a chorten at its entrance and Khunde (3,841m/12,602ft) where there is a small hospital. This day helps a lot for acclimatisation for our further trek to Everest Base Camp.
On this day while climbing out of Namche Bazaar along the hillside to a point, we will have the stunning views of Everest, Nuptse, Lhotse and Ama Dablam. A large white chorten is built along the trail to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the first ascent of Mount Everest on 29 May 1953. After waking through the rhododendrons and some small settlements, the trail continues on a steep descent to cross the Dudh Koshi on a suspension bridge. From the bridge, there is approximately a 2 hour steady climb up to Tengboche. Just beyond the bridge, a series of water-driven prayer wheels and lodges alongside the trail are found. We then continue to climb mainly through forest and before reaching the ridge at Tengboche, the trail then past a chorten with Nepal’s largest gompa nearby. The up valley view from the top is unbelievable with Mt. Everest dominating the background (a great photo shoot). Tengboche or Thyangboche Monastery (3,867m/12,687ft), also known as Dawa Choling Gompa, is a Tibetan Buddhist monastery of the Sherpa community located in the Everest Base Camp trail of Nepal. It is the largest gompa in the Khumbu region which was built in 1916 by Lama Gulu with strong links to its mother monastery known as the Rongbuk Monastery in Tibet. We stay overnight in this beautiful Tengboche village. Trekking time 4-5 hours.
The trail passes downhill from Tengboche through the pine and birch trees and tall rhododendrons. we then arrive at Deboche (3,710m/12,171ft) which has a trekkers’ health post. Over the bridge, the way climbs up valley, passes chortens and mani walls, then goes through a kani. Shortly after this the trail divides as it approaches the village of Pangboche (3,930m/12,894ft). We arrive at this point in about 1:30 hours from Tengboche. Next comes Orsho a high yak-grazing pastureland before Dingboche. The trail splits here at a small mani wall, the left-hand branch going to Pheriche while the other branch going towards Dingboche. We continue our trek uphill towards right to the traditional Sherpa village of Dingboche. Dingboche has a number of lodges, spread among its stone-walled fields. On the western hillside adjacent to the village, there are two large chortens. Dingboche is dominated by the world’s fourth highest mountain, Lhotse (8,501m/27,890ft). We stay for two nights at Dingboche for acclimatisation. Trekking time 5-6 hours.
Today we stay another day in Dingboche for acclimatisation. To aid acclimatisation while relaxing in Dingboche, we can have a day trip to Chhukung valley and return to Dingboche for overnight rest. Chhukung offers a marvelous view of the surrounding Himalayas including the Lhotse’s massive south wall. Alternatively, it is a good idea to have a trek up the Nagarjun hill. Trekking time 3-4 hours.
From Dingboche, we continue our trek passing through the yak-herders’ huts at Dusa (4,503m/14,774ft) and cross the Khumbu Khola on a wooden bridge and then climb to Dughla (4,620m/15,157ft) where there are a few lodges. From here the route heads up steep moraine (ridge of rocks) slopes, to a ridge with a number of large cairns, chortens, prayer flags and mani stones covered with Tibetan Buddhist prayer flags. The trail now enters the Khumbu valley, crosses to the western side from which one gets a clear view of the massive Nuptse (7,861m/25,791ft) and finally arrives at Lobuche. This is a busy place with trekkers camping in various spots on the far side of the stream and around the lodges. We stay overnight at Lobuche. It can be very cold overnight here. Trekking time 4-5 hours.
Today, we set off to the Everest Base Camp with the trail initially crossing a stream below Lobuche and then progressing along the left-hand side of the valley, before rising to a higher narrower step. Soon we will reach a point where a narrow side valley cuts off to the left. After about 200m it takes us to the “Italian Pyramid”, a stone-built lodge and scientific station which collects meteorological and seismic (earthquake) data. Continuing on, the main trail comes to a more open area, climbs a moraine where edelweiss grows on a slope – crosses a sandy stretch, weaves among heaps of moraine, climbs once again and then drops down to Gorakshep. The trail to Base Camp begins just beyond the Gorakshep Lake, runs for some way along the moraine crest and then appears to descend to the Khumbu glacier. Once in the centre of the glacier, the route signs are somewhat dubious – e.g. the occasional cairn of yak dung! – but we will be okay with our experienced guide. Although Everest Base Camp does not provide a view of the world’s highest mountain itself, tomorrow’s trek will more than compensate for this – today we will get a real close-up of the impressive Khumbu ice fall. The Base Camp can be quite a bustling place with expeditions camping, porters, trekkers and yaks, etc. Having achieved our first goal, and after resting, we will return to Gorakshep for our overnight stay. It consists of three lodges on the rim of a level basin of glacial sand, with the small lake nearby. Tibetan snow cocks chase one another noisily across this sand flat. Although it is very close, Everest is not visible from Gorakshep, however there is a stunning view of the majestic Nuptse, soaring high in the east. We stay overnight at Gorakshep. Trekking time 7-8 hours.
Today’s trip is not only literally the “high point” of our entire trek but it also has the absolutely high point with unbelievable views from the summit of Kalapatthar. The long awaited trek starts around 5.00am. The climb takes about 1-2 hours (depending upon the route chosen) to reach the summit. On the arrival at the summit, one can experience the most fantastic sunrise over Mt. Everest. Kalapatthar is a spur of Pumori (7,165m/23,507ft) and in Hindi means “black rock” which is appropriate. It has two summits and two ascent routes, both paths being clearly visible from Gorakshep. The left-hand path which wriggles its way to the secondary summit (5,545m/18,192ft) takes 1-1:30 hours and the other which zig-zags up the eastern flank to the higher summit (5,623m/18,448ft) takes 1:30-2 hours. Neither route is technically difficult. Another alternative is available which takes in both summits, climb the left-hand trail to gain the lower top, marked with a number of slender cairns and then continue along the ridge scrambling over rocks and reach the higher summit with its flutter of prayer flags. From both summits, a truly incredible panorama is spread before you. Although Everest is of course the main focus of attention, the ice cone of Nuptse which from this view point appears higher than Everest, has stunning beauty. Having really soaked up these incredible views we will return downhill to Gorakshep and then continue our trek down to Pheriche after breakfast. We stay overnight at Pheriche. Trekking time 7-8 hours.
From Pheriche, we leave mountains behind us and the descent takes us through the Tengboche Monastery back to Namche Bazaar. The last section of the trail is of course the one we covered on our northbound trek, but now facing in the opposite direction will have a totally different prospect. We stay overnight at Namche Bazaar. Trekking time 5-6 hours.
Again we proceed southward, retracing the route trekked on day 3 and 4, crossing and re-crossing the Dudh Koshi at intervals. We stay overnight in Lukla. Trekking time 6-7 hours.
We take the 35 minute breathtaking flight from Lukla. Tour concludes.
Option available for extending your trip with Jungle Safari adventure, white water rafting or a trip of your choice.
- Arrival/departure transfers from/to International Airport and Hotel
- Two nights accommodation at a City Hotel in Kathmandu
- Cultural tour of Kathmandu City
- Permit for Sagarmatha National Park and TIMS Card (Trekkers' Information Management System)
- Meals (B/L/D) prepared at local teahouse/lodge
- Accommodations from the teahouse/lodge in the mountains
- An experienced English speaking Trekking Guide
- A porter shared between two trekkers
- Staff insurance, salary, food, accommodation and their transportation
- Air tickets for Kathmandu-Lukla-Kathmandu and ground transfers to/from airport
- First aid kit box
- Farewell Nepali dinner with live culture program
- Bar and beverages bills, bottled water
- Monument entrance fees in Kathmandu
- Nature of personal expenses
- Personal cloths and equipment such as sleeping bag, jacket, boots etc.
- Insurance for accidental, medical and evacuation
- Tips to the staff
- International Airfare and Taxes
Frequently Asked Questions
There are many factors which are responsible to form a general price such as cost of transportation (bus/flight), permits, meals and accommodation, guide and porters etc.
The best months for Everest Base Camp trek are October, November, April and May. The air is freshly laundered after the monsoon rain and the views are simply crystal clear during October-November. April-May remains dry and hot. There are many expeditions carried out during spring.
April-May is a dry season and it can be dusty and humid. The weather is warmer and gets hotter by the end of May but it will be rewarded with the spectacular rhododendron blooms.
Yes, you will need TIMS for Everest trekking. It costs Rs 1,000 (US $10) per person supported by a local staff and costs Rs 2,000 (US $20) to the independent trekkers.
Local Trekking Companies can apply for permits on your behalf. The Sagarmatha National Park permit is issued by Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation (DNPWC) and TIMS jointly by Trekking Agencies Association of Nepal (TAAN) and Nepal Tourism Board (NTB).
Flights to/from Lukla are very much weather permitting. The flights are available from Kathmandu only and during morning. So, it is wiser to have a couple of spare days for your flight back home.
No. The shortest road network is available from 5-6 days walk further down at Bhandar or Jiri then a full day drive by a local bus to Kathmandu. The first part of the road condition is poor while the second part is better.
It is recommended to hire a registered guide for the Everest Base Camp trek. It is wiser to go with a guide for treks above 5,000 meters. However, it is not impossible to trek alone but we strongly urge to have a guided trek and remain safe. A guide is your doctor, messenger and family in case of emergency.
You may find an experienced trekker in Lukla but it is not guaranteed that they are registered guides. Trekking Guides have to be trained at Nepal Academy of Tourism and Hotel Management (NATHM), then they need to be registered at Department of Tourism and license is provided to become a Trekking Guide. Some Companies may stock their guides at Lukla during peak seasons. So, it is important to confirm this with your trip organizer. It is important to remain cautious on hiring freelance guides.
The Everest Base Camp trek is considered as strenuous trek. However, rope climbing is not involved on this trek. This is a trek which can be completed on comfortable trekking boots and no crampons are needed.