Tibet, popularly known as the “Roof of the World" lies at an average height of 4,000 meters (13,123ft) above the sea level. It is also the highest plateau of the world. The highest mountain in Tibet is non-other than Mt. Everest (8,848m/29,028ft). Lhasa is the capital city of Tibet. Tibet is considered one of the most interesting, mysterious, enchanting, remote and underdeveloped regions of the world. Buddhism is believed to have transformed the population from a warring and aggressive to a peaceful, virtuous and gentle people, which is amazing. Its diverse climatic and geographical conditions strongly attract people of all types from historians, adventurers, to pilgrims.
Tibet has a unique culture of its own, having various ethnic groups including Tibetan, Han, Monba and Lhota. Almost all Tibetans follow Buddhism; they believe in a Living Buddha. Bon is the oldest and ancient religion known after Buddhism spread in Tibet. This religion is a blend of Bon and Buddhism. When Buddhism first arrived in Tibet during the reign of Songtsen Gampo, it had already flourished for some 1100 years and had become the major faith in all neighbouring countries of Tibet - Nepal, India, Myanmar (Burma), Bhutan, Thailand and Sri Lanka.