General precautions to be taken while travelling in Nepal
Published on 23 Aug, 2015
- While trekking in Nepal, visitors ultimately enter into the wilderness. The slightest negligence and misunderstanding on the part of the visitors can directly have a serious impact on the delicate balance of nature.
- There is news of disappearing solo trekkers from remote trekking areas of Nepal. We strongly advise not to trek alone and hire a guide or a porter. It is wiser to use registered Trekking Companies to hire guide and porters. It is also useful to check online forums where travellers are looking for fellow trekkers.
- Campfires are discouraged in order to save trees and also to avoid possible impacts on the environment.
- Trekkers are not allowed to collect any wild flowers, plants, fossils, orchids, rocks, etc., unless and until they have permission from the concerned authority for the scientific research.
- Trade in wildlife animal products is strictly restricted in Nepal.
- There are prescribed and managed camping sites at various locations. If there is no arrangement as such; open ground or a river bank can be chosen. It should be kept in mind that clearing bushes will damage the local environment.
- Garbage management is an essential part of trekking. No plastic bottles and non-degradable items are allowed within the protected areas. Garbage bins and pits are kept at various points along the trekking routes.
- The mountain parks management has introduced the policy of “Pack It and Pack Out” for the reduction of refuse (including tins and cans) disposal along the routes to some extent.
- In some areas, local communities have established their own conservation practices, such as forest management, energy saving etc. Visitors may observe their practices upon receiving prior permission.
- With your help, our natural beauty will be kept alive for generations. In turn, Nepal’s gift to you will be vibrant living memories.
- The geographically fragile mountains of Nepal are prone to soil erosion triggered by heavy monsoon rains in June through September following the dry period in April-May. At places, trekkers may have to be extra careful while crossing the exposed slopes along the trails. In the alpine regions, falling boulders may cause dangers. Similarly, 26 glacial lakes have been red-marked for their potential outbursts due to heavy accumulation of melted water from glaciers.
- In the case of jungle safari in the Terai protected areas of southern Nepal, travellers are expected to follow certain procedures and rules. Elephant ride, jungle drive, nature walk and similar activities need special care and precautions. It is advisable that all visitors follow the instructions of their guides and they should consult them if there is any confusion.
High Altitude Sickness:
When trekking in the high altitude regions, trekkers need to be extra careful about high altitude sickness. As the atmospheric pressure decreases, the amount of oxygen in the air also decreases exponentially as altitude is gained. At an altitude of 5,500 meters (18,000 ft), the atmospheric pressure will be half that at the sea level and 70% at 3,000 meters (10,000 ft). High altitude sickness can affect a person if elevation is gained too rapidly and without proper acclimatization, especially above 3,000m. The symptoms are – headache, difficulty in sleeping, breathlessness, loss of appetite and general fatigue. If anyone develops these symptoms, he/she must immediately stop ascending; and if the symptoms persist, the only proven cure is to descend to lower elevations. Generally, the risk can be minimized by gaining not more than 300 meters (1,000 ft) per day. A Gamow bag can be used under proper supervision to counter the effects of high altitude sickness. It is better to consult registered Trekking Companies to keep a safe trekking in the high mountain areas of Nepal.