Trekking Encounters wishes 'Happy Deepawali' to all its clients, fans, friends, staff and well-wishers!
Published on 22 Oct, 2014
Tihar is yet another great Hindu festival that happens in the month of late October and early November, also known as the festival of lights. The festival is dedicated to Goddess Laxmi (the goddess of wealth). The festival is celebrated by the Nepalese Hindus by decorating their houses with lit oil lamps. The nights in the entire village or city looks like a sparkling diamond, thus it is also called the 'Deepawali' festival. The festival is celebrated for five days. The festival has a meaning for life and prosperity. The first day of Tihar is known as 'Kag Tihar', dedicated to crows. Crow is considered as the messenger of death and honoured on the first day of the festival. The second day is called 'Kukur Tihar', dedicated to dogs. We pray to the dogs to look after our houses as they guard the gate of the underworld (Patal or Yamalok) and to avoid destructions that might overcome to our homes. On this day the dogs seem running around with garlands on their neck. The third day is the most important day of the festival. It is called 'Laxmi Puja', the day when goddess of wealth is worshipped. On this day, early in the morning cows are worshipped with 'Tika' on her forehead and a garland around her neck then she is served with delicious food. A cow also symbolises wealth and she is the most holy animal for Hindus. In the evening goddess Laxmi is worshipped. Houses are cleaned and decorated believing that she likes clean and tidy places. A small portion of the house outside the main gate is painted in red with red mud and an oil lamp is lit on it. A pathway is made from here to the ‘Puja room’ where a safe and valuables are kept. It is believed that on the third day midnight, goddess Laxmi makes a world tour on her owl (mode of transportation) checking how she is worshipped. The fourth day is dedicated to ox as 'Goru puja'. The ox is worshipped with ‘Tika’, garland and then a delicious meal is served because they help us in farming to plough and providing the cow dung as fertilizer. People build a small hill of cow dung and put some grasses on it then perform ‘Puja’ on it. This great Hindu festival is more eco-friendly that inspires to worship the living creatures in the world. The Newar community performs 'Mha puja' which literally means worshipping of you. The last day of the festival is called 'Bhai Tika’; sisters put seven colour 'Tika' on the forehead of their brothers and wish their long life from 'Yamaraj' (the god of the underworld). So, this festival is also known as the festival of brothers and sisters. Girls and boys forming a group or separately visit every houses in their locality in the evening and sing a special 'Tihar song'. They wish prosperity of the house members and they are offered with some cash and 'selroti' as gift.